What is meant by ‘Hx of alcoholism’? 

What is meant by ‘Hx of alcoholism’? 

Hx is an abbreviation of history. So, Hx of alcoholism means the history of alcoholism. This term is used for people who have suffered from alcohol addiction for a lot of years of their lives. 

Alcoholism is a nerve-racking condition and it is extremely difficult to fight your way out. Some people may manage to recover through rehab or medications. 

However, it is quite common for such people to fall into an addiction again after some time, often known as relapse. Most commonly, the Hx term is used for people who have had an addiction at some point in their lives or for those still going through it. 

What is the importance of the patient’s history of alcoholism? 

The patient’s history of alcoholism is important because it provides crucial information about their past struggles with alcohol abuse or dependence (1). 

Understanding their alcoholism history helps healthcare professionals assess the potential impact it may have on their current health condition, treatment plans, and overall well-being.

It can help identify any specific risks, complications, or interactions related to their alcohol use, which can be essential for making informed medical decisions. 

Additionally, knowledge of the patient’s alcoholism history allows healthcare providers to offer appropriate support, guidance, and resources to address any ongoing challenges related to alcohol and promote recovery.

What are the treatment options for alcoholism? 

There are several treatment options available for alcoholism. The most common ones include (2,3):


This is the first step in treatment, where the person stops drinking and allows their body to remove alcohol toxins. It may involve medical supervision to manage withdrawal symptoms.

Counselling and therapy

Various forms of counselling and therapy can help individuals understand the underlying reasons for their alcohol abuse, develop coping mechanisms, and learn healthier ways to manage stress and emotions.

Support groups

Participating in support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), provides a network of people who have faced similar challenges with alcohol and can offer guidance and support in maintaining sobriety.


Certain medications can be prescribed to help reduce cravings and manage withdrawal symptoms. These medications should be used under medical supervision and as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

In people with liver damage, important medications for the recovery of organ health are also prescribed.

Behavioural interventions

Behavioural interventions, such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), can help individuals recognize and change patterns of thinking and behaviour related to alcohol use (4).

Residential treatment programs

In some cases, individuals may benefit from residential treatment programs that provide a structured and supportive environment for recovery. These programs often offer a combination of counselling, therapy, and medical support.

It is important to note that the treatment plans for alcoholism may vary from person to person, according to their symptoms, history of addiction, and other important factors. 

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Freed CR. The Natural History of Alcoholism: Causes, Patterns, and Paths to Recovery-the virtues of an interdisciplinary perspective of alcoholism and alcoholism recovery. Addiction. 2022 Feb;117(2):506-509. doi: 10.1111/add.15644. Epub 2021 Oct 18. PMID: 34286885. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34286885/


Nehring SM, Freeman AM. Alcohol Use Disorder. 2022 Jul 31. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan–. PMID: 28613774. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK436003


Rehm J. The risks associated with alcohol use and alcoholism. Alcohol Res Health. 2011;34(2):135-43. PMID: 22330211; PMCID: PMC3307043. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22330211/


Chand SP, Kuckel DP, Huecker MR. Cognitive Behavior Therapy. 2023 May 23. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan–. PMID: 29261869. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470241