How long does Cephalexin last in your body? (5+ factors)
In this article, we will discuss how long Cephalexin stays in your system. Furthermore, we’ll explore the half-life of cephalexin, factors affecting the duration of Cephalexin in your body, dosage and administration, possible side effects and safe and effective use.
How long does Cephalexin last in your body?
Cephalexin has a half-life of about 1 to 1.5 hours which means it takes almost 7-8 hours for the drug to be fully eliminated from your body. After taking a dose of Cephalexin it generally takes 1-2 hours to reach at maximum concentration. However, these estimated times can be influenced by various factors and how well your body’s physiological functions work. (1)
Cephalexin is an FDA-approved antibiotic. It belongs to the cephalosporin class of drugs and exerts its action by inhibiting the cell walls of bacteria, thus killing or inactivating them. It is widely used to treat a broad range of bacterial infections which may include UTIs and respiratory tract infections among others. (1)
The duration of action of Cephalexin which is the time the drug remains active and exerts therapeutic effects is influenced by the amount of dosage, dosing frequency and the total duration of the prescribed course. (4)
What factors may affect the duration of Cephalexin in your body?
Several factors can influence the duration of Cephalexin in your body, affecting how quickly the drug is absorbed, metabolized and eliminated. Some key factors include: (2)
Cephalexin is believed to primarily leave your body through the kidneys. People who have impaired or altered kidney functions may experience a slower clearance rate of cephalexin from their body, leading to a longer stay of the drug in the system.
While Cephalexin is not extensively metabolized by your liver, the overall function of the liver might play a significant role in the metabolism and elimination of the drug. If you have some pre-existing liver disease or drink too much alcohol that also damages your liver, you may face challenges with the effects of Cephalexin in your system.
Older people may typically have a slower metabolism and reduced physiological functions over time which may affect the duration of cephalexin in the body and ultimately contribute to a slower rate of drug clearance.
A person’s body weight and composition might also greatly influence the distribution of drugs in the body. In some cases, higher body weight may result in a larger volume of distribution and potentially affect drug clearance.
Dosage and frequency:
The dosage regimen and frequency of Cephalexin administration as prescribed by your doctor can significantly impact the drug’s concentration in the body. Higher doses or more frequent dosing may affect the duration of therapeutic levels.
Concomitant use of other medications:
If you are taking multiple medications at a time then their concomitant use may influence drug interactions. This may alter the therapeutic efficacy and affect the absorption, metabolism and elimination of Cephalexin from the body.
Presence of infection:
The severity and type of infection being treated may also influence how the body handles Cephalexin. In some cases, a more severe reaction may require a higher dosage and longer duration of treatment.
Adequate hydration plays a crucial role and promotes the elimination of drugs through the kidneys. Dehydration (insufficient water intake) can potentially affect the clearance of Cephalexin.
Everyone is unique in terms of brain chemistry and how well they respond and process the medications. The duration of action, time of stay in the body and elimination process can vary among individuals based on their specific genetic makeup and overall health.
What is the impact of dosage and frequency on Cephalexin’s half-life?
The half-life of the drug is considered to be relatively constant regardless of the dosage administered. Therefore, the half-life of Cephalexin is not directly influenced by the specific dosage. However, the amount of dose administered affects the peak concentration (Cmax) and the time it will take to reach the peak (Tmax). (3)
While the frequency of Cephalexin can influence how long the drug stays in your system. Cephalexin is typically given multiple times a day depending on the severity of infection to maintain the therapeutic levels. (3)
Common adult doses
Time to steady-state concentration
|Every 6 hours
|4-7.5 hrs (4-5 half-lives)
|Every 12 hours
|Every 12 hours (for more severe infections)
What are the common side effects of Cephalexin?
Some common side effects associated with Cephalexin use, especially at higher doses may include: (1)
- Gastrointestinal discomfort (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain)
- Hypersensitivity reactions (itching, rashes, swelling)
- Oral thrush (candidiasis)
- Vaginal yeast infections
- Stomach cramps
- Headache or dizziness
- Joint pain or stiffness
- Severe allergic reactions (difficulty breathing, swelling of face or throat and severe itching)
How to safely take Cephalexin?
To ensure the safety and efficacy of Cephalexin treatment you must follow the instructions of your healthcare provider. Take Cephalexin only if it has been prescribed to you and stick to the recommended dose and frequency. (1)
Cephalexin can be taken with or without food. However, taking it with a meal or milk may reduce the chances of stomach upset. Keep in mind that you must finish the entire course of antibiotics even if the symptoms improve before the end of the course. Otherwise, failure to do so will result in antibiotic resistance. (1,2)
Keep yourself hydrated and avoid or at least limit the consumption of alcohol while you’re on antibiotic treatment as alcohol may interact with Cephalexin and increase the risk of side effects with altered pharmacokinetics.
Be vigilant, and keep an eye on how your body is reacting to the medication. If you experience any allergic reaction like itching or rashes on your skin, inform your doctor promptly. If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding be extra cautious and discuss the safety profile with your doctor. Also, check the expiration date of Cephalexin before taking it as the expired drug may not give the intended therapeutic effects and the pharmacokinetics is altered in the body. (4)
As a pharmacist, in my opinion, Cephalexin is a safe choice of antibiotic as it has been shown effective in producing therapeutic effects and leaving the system on time. I’d suggest you follow the healthcare professional’s guidelines and report immediately in case of severe allergic reactions or troublesome side effects.
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Brogard JM, Pinget M, Dorner M, Lavillaureix J. Determination of cefalexin pharmacokinetics and dosage adjustments in relation to renal function. J Clin Pharmacol. 1975 Oct;15(10):666-73. doi: 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1975.tb05918.x. PMID: 1184770. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1184770/
Hallare J, Gerriets V. Half Life. [Updated 2023 Jun 20]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK554498/